How to get started in Fresh Water Fishing

If you’ve ever been out fishing, then you know that it is more than just casting bait onto the open waters. It demands a delicate balance of patience, hard-work, and enthusiasm to reel in a decent catch. Once you succeed, nothing beats the satisfaction of getting your just reward after putting in all those hours. But it all begins with the equipment. Sure, you could go out onto the lake with bamboo, some string, a hook, and hope for the best; but that will only get you so far. Besides, it isn’t as if fishing equipment is that expensive to begin with.

Here’s our list of the most basic tools you’ll need to have:

Starter fishing tackleRod and Reel

A quick Google search will let you know that reels come in all forms, shapes and sizes. As a beginner, you will want to go for a spincast setup instead of baitcasting rods. If you’ve ever wound a string before, chances are that you have had one or two encounters with knots and tangled lines. While they aren’t too bothersome elsewhere, they can be nightmarish in the world of fishing. Spincast reels are great for avoiding tangles in your line. They will save you a great deal of time and frustration.


The story isn’t that different from that of reels and rods – you are spoilt for choice here as well. Basically, what you need to know is this: hooks come in a variety of sizes. Each hook has numbers that mark its size. This is the part that can get confusing, but try and stay with us here.

If the numbering is in the form of a fraction with a 0 as the denominator (like 4/0, 3/0 etc), then the greater the number, the greater the size of the hook. If the number is a whole number instead, then the opposite is true (i.e. the greater the number the smaller the size).

Fishing Lines

The real tip here is to make sure that you have several of them with you at all times. There will come a time when your line will get caught by some unidentified submerged object and refuse to be recovered. It will be frustrating, but it is one of the harsh realities of fishing. It is bound to happen. Spare yourself the added frustration by preparing for such eventualities. Always have an extra line!


We’ve covered the hook and the line. Now the sinker. See what I did there? A sinker is a metal weight that helps lower your bait below the surface of the water. Some fish never rise above a certain depth and require you take the hunt right to where they hide. There are different types of sinkers, but the split shot sinker is the one you want. These are easy identified by the split they have on one side. You fit your line into that split and use pliers to squeeze and fix the sinker to your line. They cost less than other types of sinkers and still get the job done.


Get a pair of needle-nose pliers. They come in handy need you need to remove the hook from fish you caught. You’ll also need them to undo split shot sinkers.

Fingernail Clippers

We’re hoping you won’t have to go out of your way to acquire these. You will need them when cutting your line. They will also keep you from falling into the habit of using your teeth to cut your line – something you’ll want to avoid for health reasons.


These help prevent your line from twisting. Attach the swivel to your line before the lure.

Fillet Knife

Especially handy if you intend to prepare your fish before you head home. Before you can begin cooking the fish, you will have to remove its scales and guts. Things that are not so easy without a knife nearby.

Considering all the great experiences that can be had, fishing is not an expensive hobby. Have all the basics covered and you’re halfway to having one of the most rewarding experiences of your life.